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What prior work influenced the design of the Bitcoin instruction set?

The "Script" system used by Bitcoin transactions is commonly described as a Forth-like, stack-based language. What prior work influenced the design and layout of the Script instruction set? Based on the locations of OP_RESERVED1 and OP_RESERVED2, it seems that the Bitcoin instruction set may draw on large segments of some earlier work. There may have been a research paper or essay about a "Security Forth" published in the early 2000s which shared unusual similarities with the Bitcoin instruction set (like OP_2OVER and OP_3DUP operations). Though in recent years, no one has been able to locate a copy of this work.…

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Are there any academic papers on the link between energy markets and Bitcoin mining?

I am keen to see if there have been any academic papers that have studied the link between bitcoin miners and energy markets, in-particular, if there is a so called 'no-arbitrage' requirement, or a hedging strategy for miners, that exists. Suppose there is a miner, Bob, who's mining equipment produces a fixed hashrate and is not a part of any mining pool. The decision, whether Bob should mine or not, depends on the following variables (some are random): The spot price of electricity (Random) The spot price of Bitcoin (Random) The network difficulty (Random) The network hashrate (Random) Block reward…

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